A microphone’s main objective is to convert one type of energy to another type of energy termed as transducer, and this is done with as little difference as possible from the original source. In this case, when you make a recording, your kind of microphone would make a big difference.
Know that there are many different kinds of microphones sold in the market and that they are designed differently thus they function differently, and can meet different needs for your recording. You will most probably come across two main types of microphones for recording your music or sound and you will be able to choose the best for your needs.
Actually, choosing a microphone should not be too hard especially if you know the differences between them and which one you will use for your recording needs. Be aware for example that if you are recording vocals you will use a different type of microphone from that of recording instrument.
Generally, for instruments and live performances, a dynamic microphone is great to use. You will notice that most live performers would use this type of microphone. On the other side, if the use is for vocals and other soft recordings of which details are extremely important, the condenser studio microphones are used. Depending on your budget and if you can afford them, it is beneficial to have both types of microphones.
The condenser, having a flatter frequency than the dynamic, would be ideal for recording vocals where this feature is a must. What will happen when using a condenser studio microphone is that the recording will be much clearer and more accurate, while in using dynamic which are meant for live performances and instrument recordings, details are tuned out.
With a condenser studio microphone, you will require a mixer or a preamp that provides phantom power of around 48 volts, while the dynamic does not require this power thus less sensitive.
The next necessary requirement when you choose the studio microphone that would be perfect for your recording needs is the pickup pattern. Be aware of the basic three types of pickup patterns, such as the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones, and the unidirectional microphones.
If you are planning for a home recording studio, it is advisable to stay away from using the omni directional microphone because it can pick up sounds evenly, like sounds from your television, from your dog barking, and others.
On the other hand, the bidirectional microphone can pick up sounds from only two directions, which are the back and the front, thus are usually used in radio interviews where people can share one microphone.